Group of building no.5

administration off ce of Anandamahidol Hospital

depicted item: the front of administration office of Anandamahidol Hospital

source: Parinya Chukaew

date: 2014

1 Identity of building/ group of buildings/ urban scheme/ landscape/ garden

1.1 current name of building: administration office of Anandamahidol Hospital

1.2 variant or former name: Anandamahidol building

1.3 number & name of street: 35 Moo 6, Khaosamyod

1.4 town: Muang

1.5 province/state: Lopburi

1.6 zip code: 15000

1.7 country: Thailand

1.8 national grid reference:

1.9 classification/ typology: HLT

1.10 protection status & date: owned by Army Medical Department, the Royal Thai Army and received the Architectural Conservation Awards 2008 from the Association of Siamese Architects Under Royal Patronage

2. History of building

2.1 original brief/ purpose: HLT

2.2 date completion: 1937-38

2.3 architectural and other designers: unknown

2.4 others associated with building: surgical, medical and obstetric buildings

2.5 significant alterations with dates: -

2.6 current use: administration office of the hospital

2.7 current condition: fairly good

3. Description

3.1 general description: Field Marshal Plaek Pibul Songkram, the Defence Minister, moved some governmental offices from Bangkok to Lopburi in 1937 and also built the hospital to service military officers and the public. King Ananda Mahidol (King Rama VIII) supported this project and named the hospital after the King's name as Anandamahidol building, 200 bed hospital. King Rama VIII opened the hospital on 6th March 1938.

3.2 construction: reinforced concrete structure and arched ceiling

3.3 context: Anandamahidol building was located in Lopburi province, the largest military base of Thailand during World War II.

4. Evaluation

4.1 technical: Anandamahidol building is a two-storey building with symmetrical rectangular plan and flat slap roof.

4.2 social: Anandamahidol Hospital is the first hospital of the Royal Thai Army aiming to serve the public in general.

4.3 cultural & aesthetic: It is simple decoration of Neo Classical and Art Deco styles. The alignment of windows and void are used to create rhythm of facades. The thin concrete shading above windows and corridors both 1st and 2nd floors can emphasise horizontal perspective of the building.

4.4 historical: Anandamahidol Hospital was served the patients during the Greater East Asia War about 1943.

4.5 general assessment: Not only Anandamahidol Hospital is the first hospital of the Royal Thai Army, but it has also been the second biggest hospital of which of Thailand after subsequently constructing other buildings on the same site. In addition, Anandamahidol building has been used as the administration office of Anandamahidol Hospital since such expansion.

5. Documentation

5.1 principal references: Parinya Chukaew and Waeovichian Abhichartvorapan

5.2 visual material attached: Parinya Chukaew

5.3 rapporteur/ date: June 2014

6. Fiche report examination by ISC/R

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